CLASSE LILIOPSIDA PDF
About the Classification Download. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Class Liliopsida. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. The Class Liliopsida constitutes the monocotyledonous angiosperms and includes some of the largest plant families such as the orchids with some 20, . CLASS LILIOPSIDA (Batsch ) The Liliopsida (also called the monocots) range from tiny floating plants to common herbs and epiphytes.
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In the previous chapter we learned how to separate the two major flowering plant groups: Leaves that are concentrated near the base where the internodes are very short are termed basal leaves ; leaves arising at nodes along an elongated culm are cauline leaves. The culm is the main aerial shoot to which leaves and flower head are attached. Retrieved 23 January This may be a flap of membranous tissue or simply a fringe of hairs, an inconspicuous rim, or even absent all together, marked only by dark tissue.
Saffron is classified into Magnoliophyta division, class Liliopsida and order Asparagales.
Arecidaeliliopsiad Arecidae – one of four subclasses or superorder of Monocotyledones; comprises about species in 5 families of trees xlasse shrubs and terrestrial herbs and a few free-floating aquatics including: This page was last edited on 30 Augustat It is considered synonymous or nearly synonymous with the name monocotyledon.
In summary the monocotyledons were named: AngiospermaeAnthophytaclass Angiospermaedivision Anthophytadivision MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta – comprising flowering plants that produce seeds enclosed in an ovary; in some systems considered a class Angiospermae and in others a division Magnoliophyta or Anthophyta.
This name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Liliaceae by the termination -opsida Art lilioosida of the ICBN. Flowers of grasses are borne in an inflorescence or flower head which terminates the culm and other branches of the stem.
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The second largest to Orchidaceae and one of the most successful of families of monocotyledons is the grass family, classified as the Family Poaceae or Gramineae and comprising nearly 10, species distributed more widely than any other angiosperm family. Magnoliophyta II The Class Liliopsida constitutes the monocotyledonous angiosperms and includes some of the largest plant liljopsida such as the orchids with some 20, species and the grasses with perhaps 15, species.
Oliver and Boyd, A rhizome is a modified stem that grows underground. All or a portion of an internode may be surrounded by the basal part of the leaf known as the sheath.
The portion of the stem between the nodes is called the internodeand is usually hollow in temperate zone grasses and solid in tropical grasses Rotar, CS1 Russian-language sources ru. Smaller units of the inflorescence are called spikelets and these are arranged on one or more branches in a wide variety of different ways to which the standard terminology for inflorescences can be applied, but using the spikelet instead of the individual flower.
Publication of the name is credited to Scopoli in Views Read Edit View history.
C Jeffrey, as Flowering plants: The culm is a ckasse or slightly flattened stem with one or more solid joints known as nodes. Kubitzki, Klaused. Retrieved from ” https: The internal taxonomy in the Reveal system is. The grasses have reduced floral structures compared with most angiosperms for the reason that grasses are almost exclusively pollinated by wind.
Palmae; Araceae; Pandanaceae and Lemnaceae. Commelinidaesubclass Commelinidae – one of four subclasses or superorders of Monocotyledones; comprises about 19, species in 25 families of mostly terrestrial herbs especially of moist places including: Origin and dispersalEdinburgh: Each of the systems mentioned oiliopsida use their own internal taxonomy for the group.
These vegetative leaves coasse surround the culm as a sheaththen diverge outward at the “collar” as a long narrow blade with longitudinal parallel venation. Although true secondary growth is absent, most growth habits are found in the group including floating and submerged aquatics, lianas, trees, epiphytes, and forbs of all sizes Hahn, Views Liloipsida Edit View history.
Switch to new thesaurus. Roots may also develop from a node where the node comes into contact with the ground as in decumbent and prostrate stems. Grasses have fibrous roots and three kinds of stems: The leaves are attached at the nodes and if the stem is not simple but branched, branches arise only at nodes.