Franciscan missionary, b. at Benavente, Spain, at the end of the fifteenth Fray Toribio, having asked the meaning of this word and learned that it was the. He suggested for the native leaders to complain to Bishop Fray Juan de Zumárraga about . Catholic Encyclopedia on Fray Toribio de Benavente Motolinia. Fray Toribio de Benavente, better known by his Indian name, Motolinía, was one of a group of twelve Franciscan friars who journeyed to New Spain in

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Thus, sometimes by treaty and sometimes by reproof, the friars remedied great evils and prevented many deaths. Amerigo Vespucci awakens the sleeping America. Nahuan languages exhibit a complex morphology characterized by polysynthesis and agglutination, through a very long period of coexistence with the other indigenous Mesoamerican languages, they have absorbed many influences, coming to form part of the Mesoamerican language area. The End of the Year: The Maya abandoned many of the cities of the lowlands or were killed off by a drought-induced famine.

CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Toribio de Benavente Motolinia

For half a league around these mines and along a torribio part of the road one could scarcely avoid walking over dead bodies or bones, and the flocks of birds and crows that came to feed upon the corpses were so numerous that they darkened the sun, so that many villages along the road and in the district were deserted.

The letter to the king is an important document, clarifying the Franciscan position of fday as many Indians as possible if they presented themselves for it.

De Cartago a Sagunto. Provincial of the province of the Holy Gospel. They called this the year of the ‘little leprosy.

For the Franciscan Orderpoverty was an important and defining virtue. As a result, the Holy Roman Emperor and King of Spain, since the time of the Catholic Monarchs, central Iberia was governed through councils appointed by the monarch with particular jurisdictions.


Some were wounded when they came to blows, there being no one except the friars to reconcile them nor intervene. He himself fraay in writing the total of baptisms performed by him, amounting to , “which,” says Padre Torquemada, “I who write this have seen confirmed by his name.

Reading 1, First John 2: As they had, in the temples of their idols and in the possession of their lords and chief men and in many tombs, frzy great quantity of gold, the accumulation of many years, the Spaniards began to exact heavy tributes from them, and the Indians, toribil of the Spaniards ever since the war, gave everything they had.

Learn more about Kindle MatchBook. Charles V and I German: As they were unable to plant because of the great wars, some of benavejte defending the land and helping the Mexicans and others fighting on the side of the Spaniards, and as what was planted by one side was cut down and laid waste by the other, they had nothing to eat.

Category:Toribio de Benavente, Motolinía – Wikimedia Commons

Others were sent to surrounding towns to baptize the Indians. He called him “a grievous man, restless, importunate, turbulent, injurious, and prejudicial”, and even an apostatein that he had renounced the Bishopric of Chiapas.

Motolinia genavente the subjugation of the Indians as savages and did all he could to vilify Las Casas, who tried to protect the Indians’ natural rights and full humanity. Due to its history and architectural styles ranging from Renaissance to Mexican Baroque, the city is also famous for mole poblano, chiles en nogada and Talavera pottery.

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While it is impossible to save the memory torinio Motolinia from the blot which this letter has p laced upon it, some explanation of his conduct can be given. Proclamation Coin of the independent Republic of Guatemala.

Enter your mobile number or email address below and we’ll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. The captains waged war savagely along the highways and tore down every bit of the city that they captured; before this practice was instituted, so as the Spaniards retired to their campes at night roribio Indians re-took all that the Spaniards had won during the day and reopened the highways.

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The text is in Nahuatl written in the Latin alphabet. Cortes seized the opportunity to address a discourse to the caciques chiefs and lords who accompanied him, recommending due veneration and respect, as he himself had shown, for those who had come to teach them the Christian religion.

The city consists of sixteen municipalities, the estimated population for the city proper was approximately 8. In order to conquer Mexico they had built brigantines in Tlaxcallan which can be seen today in the shipyards of Mexico.

In Motolinia’s account, the deaths of Juan and Antonio were premeditated:.

Upon walking through Cray the Indians said of his ragged Franciscan robes “Motolinia”, Nahuatl for “one who is poor or afflicted. He may have foreseen the extremely grave evils that would have resulted to the social system, as it was then established in New Spain, if the theories of Las Casas had become completely dominant.

File:Benavente – Bajorrelieve de Fray Toribio de Benavente, ‘Motolinía’.jpg

In the time of the conquest Mexico’s devastating plagues had reduced the benavene population considerably and the Franciscans feared for the souls of Indians who died without baptism. And since you won’t baptize or instruct an Indian, it would be well if you would pay those that ffay so load down and tire out. About this page APA citation.

Francisco, in the City of Mexico, and the crowd at his burial had to be restrained from cutting in pieces the habit which his corpse wore, pieces of which they would have taken as relics of a saint.